What is the difference between Holland and the Netherlands? The official name of the country is the Kingdom of the Netherlands. King Willem-Alexander is the king of the nation. Holland actually only means the two provinces of Noord-Holland and Zuid-Holland. However, the name Holland is often used when all of the Netherlands is meant. Between andthe area currently representing the Netherlands was the Republic of Seven United Netherlands.

The republic was conquered by French troops in and became the Batavian Republic. Napoleon appointed his brother Louis as king inturning the country into a kingdom. As such it became the commonly used name to indicate the entire country. Holland is known as a flat country. As such the landscape is perfect for cycling and walking tours. The countless nature parks, each with its own character, offer up wonderful landscapes.

handout the netherlands 2014

You could visit Oostvaarders Plassen or the Hoge Veluwefor instance, and explore the unique flora and fauna. Holland also boasts a long coastline with beautiful beaches. Because there is so much waterthe Netherlands is at risk of flooding. The authorities have implemented measures like the Afsluitdijk and Delta Worksunique structures that are definitely worth visiting. By loading the photographs, you are expressing consent with cookies and other tools.

When you think about Holland, you probably think of tulipswindmills and cheese. These and other icons can be found throughout Holland. Friesland and Zeeland are wonderful provinces for cycling tours, Noord-Brabant and Gelderland are the place to discover art by Vincent van GoghBosch and other Dutch mastersand traditional cheese can be enjoyed in Limburg.

Unique in Holland: Drenthe boasts prehistoric remains, such as the megalithic tombs called hunebeds. If the weather turns cold enough, ice-skating enthusiasts can register for the Elfstedentocht.

This route on natural ice takes you to eleven Friesian cities.Illness Management and Recovery IMR is intended to provide a structured psychosocial programme that helps to manage the disabling effects of severe mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorders.

It is curriculum based and aims to improve different aspects of illness management and recovery through interventions such as goal-setting, psycho-education, coping and social skills training. Its overall aim is to improve illness outcomes and support subjective and objective recovery. This randomised multi-centre, single-blinded clinical trial is intended to compare IMR with treatment as usual for outpatient clients with a severe and persistent mental illness SMI.

We will investigate whether IMR leads to better illness management, fewer symptoms and fewer relapses, and also to better subjective and objective recovery. The primary outcome measure is the score on the client version of the Illness Management and Recovery Scale. Secondary outcome measures are the clinician version of the Illness Management and Recovery scale, measures of illness management, coping, symptoms, the number of relapses, and measures of recovery.

Overall, our study has the following strengths: 1. Finally, 5. Date registered: 13 January Due to the disabling effects of their illness, it is hard for people with severe and persistent mental illnesses SMI such as schizophrenia or a bipolar disorder to participate fully in society.

Though they have the same aspirations as other people, these wishes are harder to realize, due not only to their illness, but also to barriers within society such as stigma [ 1 ]. Mental-health care should therefore include interventions that support individual recovery and contribute to self-determination and well-being, and also to skills for illness self-management and for fulfilling valued roles in domains such as work, social connections and housing [ 23 ].

Over the last decade, a promising new programme for people with SMI has been developed: Illness Management and Recovery IMR [ 2 ], a programme that combines psychosocial interventions such as psycho-education with aspects of cognitive behavioural therapy, skills training, peer support and rehabilitation.

These interventions aim to help participants gain greater control of their problems through illness management, and also to support their recovery. The IMR programme was based on an empirical review of the research literature on teaching illness self-management strategies to people with SMI [ 7 ].

In themselves, the different parts of the IMR programme were not new; the newness lay in offering them as an integrated package.

The theoretical foundation of IMR rests on two models.

handout the netherlands 2014

The first, the trans-theoretical model, holds that people are more motivated to acquire new behaviour if the types of intervention are adjusted to the stage of change they are in. This makes it is easier for people to become aware of their problems, to take decisions, and to implement and sustain change [ 1011 ]. The second model is the stress-vulnerability model [ 2 ], which holds not only that mental health problems originate from the interaction between biological vulnerability and sources of stress in the environment, but also that people differ in their coping ability [ 1213 ].

In line with the stress-vulnerability model, IMR -trainers need to teach participants the basics of illness self- management—enabling them, for example, to reduce substance use, improve adherence to medication, increase coping and social support, and become involved in meaningful activities. This may improve illness outcomes such as symptoms, relapse, and hospitalisation.

By combining better illness management with the pursuit of personal goals, progress may be made towards recovery. However, research on the overall programme was needed. In a review conducted init appeared that three randomised controlled trials RCTsthree quasi-controlled trials and three pre-post trials on the overall programme had been conducted [ 14 ]. The results of one further RCT have also been published [ 15 ].

Studies reported only one scale for each category. Only significant p. A blank cell indicates that the variable was not measured.

NS: not significant. On the overall score of the client version of the Illness Management and Recovery Scale IMRS [ 19 ], two of these studies showed significantly positive results for clients assigned to IMR, with respective effect sizes of. On the overall score of the clinician version of the IMRS, all three of these studies showed significantly positive results for clients assigned to IMR, with respective effect sizes of.

On the overall score of both the client version and the clinician version of the IMRS, the more recent RCT of Salyers—in which IMR was tested against an active control group [ 15 ]—showed no significant differences between the experimental and control group.

In all four studies, additional significantly positive results for IMR were found on client-reported knowledge in one study [ 17 ], on client-reported coping in another study [ 16 ], on clinician-reported quality of life in a third study [ 18 ], and on observer-rated psychiatric symptoms in two of these studies [ 1618 ].

These results were either not found in the other RCTs, or the domains in question were not measured. No significant outcomes were found on objective outcomes such as medication dosage, employment, or hospitalisations and emergency visits.

On both of the IMR scales, we expect positive results of the sort found in the earlier studies that used CAU as a control [ 16 — 18 ].The Dutch Government approached the Exchange in and requested to replace the coupon system with a card program for the purchase of tax free fuel.

Due to the priority of the Germany ESSO Card program, they were advised that a card program for the Netherlands would be developed after the initiation of the Germany card program. It is the view of the Dutch Government that VAT and duty free fuel is a privilege, and not a right and that more stringent procedures and control mechanism were needed to provide greater visibility of individual transactions and to reduce the possibility of fraud.

Discussion ceased for many years until the beginning of Since then there have been multiple discussions with the Dutch Government on the proposed card program and the best way to implement the program. Only a hand full ESSO Stations were still willing to participate 14 out of over Stations in the program at that time.

The Exchange identified a contractor to oversee the fuel card administration and in April the Dutch Government and the Exchange finally agreed on the new program.

Please note that the new card program for The Netherlands greatly differs from the Germany card program. Development and programming has been ongoing since June and as of 1 January all authorized customers wishing to purchase fuel in The Netherlands will have to be converted to the card program. The gas card will be tied to the customers Military Star account.

The card is immediately active upon receipt. A PIN mailer is issued to the customer with the card. Customer will drive up to the gas station, fuel up their vehicle and then go inside to pay at manned stations. Inside they will present their fuel card. The purchase will be totaled and the fuel card will be swiped, and will require the customer to enter the 4 digit PIN number.

The transaction is then completed and the customer signs for the purchase. The customer will receive a receipt with only the Euro price printed. No payment will take place at the time of the transaction. The transactions are extracted daily and transmitted to the fuel card company for all necessary checks and balances. At that time it is decided whether the customer should be charged the tax free price or the taxed price and the transaction will post to the customers Military Star account within 24 to 72 hours.

Netherlands Fuel Ration Program The Dutch Government approached the Exchange in and requested to replace the coupon system with a card program for the purchase of tax free fuel. How will the gas card work?In the 16th century William Iprince of Orange, became a leader of the Dutch independence movement against Spain.

Based on the arms of his ancestral territory of Orange, William used livery colours of orange, white, and blue. At the siege of Leiden insoldiers wore those colours on their uniforms, and the popularity of the colours among Dutch nationalists subsequently spread.

The province of Zealand had similar colours: its flag showed a red lion arising out of blue and white stripes representing the sea. The Dutch flag at sea after was an orange-white-blue horizontal tricolour, although it was never officially adopted.

Likewise, there was never any official recognition given to the replacement of the orange by red, a transformation completed by It was an appropriate time to omit orange from the flag, because in a defense treaty between the Dutch and the English permanently excluded members of the house of Orange from being heads of state in the Netherlands. The Netherlands was annexed by France from tobut, after independence was regained, the new Kingdom of the Netherlands again recognized the red-white-blue flag.

The flag, most recently reaffirmed by a royal decree on Feb. Despite the visual similarity between the Dutch flag and the flag of Luxembourgthere is no documented relationship between the two designs. Flag of the Netherlands. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Author of Flags and Arms Across the World and others. See Article History. Its width-to-length ratio is 2 to 3.

Whitney Smith Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.


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handout the netherlands 2014

Eltony Mugomeri, Africa University, Zimbabwe. Kalisvar Marimuthu, National University of Singapore. HCV Infection in Prison. Ranieri and Dr. Part 1. Ivan W. Gowe, Certification Board of Infection Control. Broadcast live from the Infection Prevention Society conference. Surveillance by Objectives? Paul E.From the Netherlands, these second thoughts on Muslim migrants passed with little notice, but are even more important today than when they were first enunciated :.

A former Shell CEO, who volunteers in giving education to migrants in the Netherlands, gave some shocking examples of his experiences with them. Although he had a lot of fun as well, he thinks the integration of Muslims is moving in the wrong direction. What this former Shell executive — Dominic Boot — meant is that despite all the efforts of the Dutch government, and of volunteers like himself, Muslims themselves resist, and resent, all attempts to integrate them into Dutch society.

But he does not ask what it is about Islam that explains this. When Mr. Boot started 15 years ago to give his Dutch language lessons to migrants, there were far fewer Muslims in the Netherlands, living in mixed neighborhoods. As their numbers increased, so did the size of Muslim neighborhoods, places where Muslims could live together, informally impose Islamic mores, and by their distinctly hostile presence cause the remaining non-Muslim inhabitants to leave, making such enclaves ever more thoroughly Muslim.

Some Muslim neighborhoods have even become no-go areas, where the Dutch police are reluctant to enter unless they go in groups, and where firemen need police protection.

For 15 years, he dutifully gave lessons in Dutch to many different migrants. He has no complaints about the Hindus and Chinese he taught. Apparently their integration was proceeding successfully. Boot, who is motivated to give language courses, now gives private lessons from his home in the Netherlands. He gives examples of how the neighborhood Islamised after women with black headscarves arrived and about the young generation as well.

Did they act as enforcers of Islamic rules? Did they make sure that women wore covered, that men and women were properly separated, that Believers attended the five daily prayers, observed Ramadan, paid zakat? Or were they simply more vocal in stating their violent beliefs?

He was actually optimistic about integration and loved to work with migrants. But since he left the citizens house in The Hague, he questions if the integration of Muslims is going well. Was Boot formerly optimistic about integration because of his experience with Hindus and Chinese, who integrated smoothly? Or was he optimistic at first about the integration of Muslims, too, because when he started to give his classes 15 years ago, the situation was quite different?

Second, the Muslim migrants in the Netherlands at the time still came largely from Indonesia, then largely secular, while more recent Muslim migrants to the Netherlands have been predominately Moroccans and Turks, less secular, more devout, and therefore less willing to integrate into the larger Infidel society.

handout the netherlands 2014

Boot seems to be determined not to investigate why these Muslims are not integrating. Had he done so, much would have become troublingly clear. They did, however, leave out something important. They see the Netherlands as territory that will be ultimately islamized through demographic jihad. No, Mr Boot is wrong. They want the Netherlands to eventually become part of Dar al-Islam, and believe that in the end, their demographic Jihad will allow them to prevail some decades hence. His hope for the future is how people of other cultures do integrate.

Netherlands vs. Holland

This plaintive wish — Hindus and Chinese can successfully integrate, so why not Muslims? Hindus and Chinese do not have holy books that inculcate the need to wage war against all non-Hindus or non-Chinese.There's a lot to love about Hulu's streaming offerings this month—get excited for brand-new series and old favorites. See our picks. Title: What We Do in the Shadows A look into the daily or rather, nightly lives of three vampires, who've lived together for over years, on Staten Island.

A national manhunt is ordered for a rebellious kid and his foster uncle who go missing in the wild New Zealand bush. Set on the east coast of New Zealand inBoy, an year-old child and devout Michael Jackson fan, gets a chance to know his absentee criminal father, who has returned to find a bag of money he buried years ago.

The tale of two socially-awkward misfits and the strange ways they try to find love: through revenge on high-school bullies, burgers, and video games. A family in s New England is torn apart by the forces of witchcraft, black magic, and possession. Five friends go for a break at a remote cabin, where they get more than they bargained for, discovering the truth behind the cabin in the woods. A young African-American visits his white girlfriend's parents for the weekend, where his simmering uneasiness about their reception of him eventually reaches a boiling point.

A single mother and her child fall into a deep well of paranoia when an eerie children's book titled "Mister Babadook" manifests in their home. Follow the lives of Viago Taika WaititiDeacon Jonathan Brughand Vladislav Jemaine Clement - three flatmates who are just trying to get by and overcome life's obstacles-like being immortal vampires who must feast on human blood.

Hundreds of years old, the vampires are finding that beyond sunlight catastrophes, hitting the main artery, and not being able to get a sense of their wardrobe without a reflection-modern society has them struggling with the mundane like paying rent, keeping up with the chore wheel, trying to get into nightclubs, and overcoming flatmate conflicts.

Written by Production. I wasn't sure about this one, I cannot remember anything about Flight of the Concords sp? I find that I laugh out loud more often during dramas, horror, thrillers etc than comedies.

But this surprised me Blade, Twilight, Werewolves, Zombies, they all make an appearance.

2014 in the Netherlands

The plot is actually quite funny in itself Oh, and an 8, year old friend who doesn't seem to possess the skills of communication. They begin to talk the crew through how they try to socialise, which leads to some amusing scenes of vampires trying to have a nightlife. More funny scenes follow, leading to one of these victims escaping from the flat.

Of course he doesn't die, he becomes the new vamp in the gang. He's young, he's stupid, he is not even over a hundred years old! When he introduces his human friend to his vampire friends, you just know its not gonna go well.

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